UTF-8 AIX and the 

I setup a GPG encryption transfer with a 3rd party to transfer XML files.

On decrypting the GPG XML file I noticed when I vi’d the file I had  at the beginning of the file – everything else in the file was displayed OK.

In the end it turned out it was all to do with character sets – the default AIX charcter set is ISO8859-1 and the file was sent from a server that was using UTF-8

The  I was seeing is the BOM Byte Order Mark – Wikipedia has a useful page  that shows what characters are displayed on a ISO8859-1 system for the various UTF encodings.

To convert to ISO8859-1 you can use iconv

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